Micro-irrigation system is a modern method of irrigation. In, this method which we deliver water slowly. Usually delivered in the form of discrete droplets, continuous drops, streams, etc. Micro-irrigation system is popular these days for its low cost and water-efficiency.
Micro-irrigation system is popular these days for its low cost and water-efficiency. We shall get to know more about it in this blog post.
Let us begin with different micro irrigation systems.
Types of Micro Irrigations System
There are mainly Five Types of Micro Irrigations System
1. Sprinkler Irrigation
Sprinkler Irrigation is a system or a device that delivers water for irrigation. It works in a pressurized form similar to natural rainfall. This form of irrigation provides water efficiently. In addition, this ensures improvement in crop yield. Devices used in this irrigation include high-pressure sprinklers, sprays, or guns. They supply the plant with the exact amount of water necessary for their optimum growth.
2. Drip Irrigation
In Drip Irrigation, Emitters directly deliver water to the plant root into the soil. These emitters optimize and distribute the pressure from the water source using vents, twisters, and convoluted or long flow paths which allows only a limited amount of water to pass through. You can place the emitters on the ground and also planted deep in the soil. The water flowing through emitters moves with no barrier at the desired pace.
3. Spray Irrigation
You can use a jet spray to deliver water and it is in wide use. It can move about easily in any size and you can place it in a lawn or use large farms to watering the crops.
4. Subsurface Irrigation
In this irrigation system, it applies water to plants from below the soil’s surface. This micro-irrigation is beneficial and highly efficient. It needs only low levels of water pressure to perform effectively. In this system, tubes and pipes are hidden under the soil for water delivery, which means there is no wastage of water at all.
It uses if the size of the subsurface irrigation system, water application can be exceedingly efficient and uniform. Subsurface irrigation prevents disease and weeds by eliminating stagnation of surface water.
A well- designed subsurface irrigation system can enhance the efficiency of water and fertilizer applications for the better quality of crop yields.
5. Bubbler Irrigation
You can install this system in the area where water needs are high. It applies the water through small streams and fountains, which dissipate water at the rate of approximately 230 liters per hour. It is preferred in which a large amount of water needs to be applied in a short span of time.
Cost of the Micro Irrigation System
The investment cost of micro-irrigation depends on the area that has to be irrigated. Here is a list of micro-irrigation system kits available in the market at different rates for various purposes.
1. Bucket Kit System
A Bucket Kit System- you can use it for smallholdings and gardens. It is suitable for small-scale farmers. It involves a bucket of 15-liter capacity, a 10-meter long drip line tailored with drippers, which can irrigate about 100 plants in approximately 15 meters square area. You can place a bucket at the height of three feet, and you need to fill the water for 3 to 5 times daily.
2. Drum Kit System
A Drum Kit System is suitable for small-scale commercial fruit, flowers, and vegetable farmers. The Drum has a capacity of approximately 200 liters. It can supply water to nearly 500 plants. This system can cover an area of 120- square meters.
3. Micro Sprinkler System
This kit system is ideal for farmers as it comes with the feature of accessing pressurized water. They are beneficial for plantations like groundnut, vegetables, nurseries home gardens, and lawns, etc.
You can link it to tap from an overhead tank or a domestic water drive. It comprises 15 micro-sprinklers. With pipes watering an area of a 250-meter square.
Advantages of Micro Irrigation System
Micro-irrigation systems have gained immense popularity for their efficiency and cost-effectiveness. It lists the advantages of the micro-irrigation systems below –
1. Saves water and produces higher yields
Micro-irrigation conserves water as they use pipes or underground tubes. It delivers water directly to the soil surface close to the plant roots – avoiding wastage of water through evaporation or flooding.
Micro-irrigation systems ensure uniform distribution of water by delivering water only wherever necessary. Finally, there will be less evaporation and runoff from both the soil and leaves. According to the experts, micro-irrigation compared to other irrigation methods uses between 30 to 50% less water.
2. Ideal for all soils
The best part of the micro-irrigation system is that it suits every type of soil. For instance, clay soil requires a slow procedure to avoid surface water collection and runoff. It is possible through micro-irrigation. In addition – sandy soils, need higher emitter discharge rates to ensure sufficient wetting of the soil.
3. An easy way to undertake Fertigation and Chemigation
What is Fertigation?
Fertigation is a method that mixes fertilizer and water that deliver it into plants and crops via an irrigation system. This is a very efficient method as it prevents soil erosion. In other Words, it minimizes the risk of root-contracting and soil-borne diseases.
It also reduces water consumption, use of fertilizers and increases the number of nutrients absorbed by the plants.
What is Chemigation?
Chemigation is the application and delivery of crop chemicals- compost, soil enhancing remedies, growth regulators, sewage, and manure water using an irrigation system. Both these processes require an irrigation system that can distribute the fertilizer or chemical directly into the soil.
This process also gave uniform distribution through the irrigation method. According to the surveys by experts, Micro Irrigation raises the efficiency of fertilizer and chemicals delivery by at least 35 %.
Reduction in resources needed
It is water efficient micro-irrigation helps in cut-down of the labors. One can achieve it via a tube and pipe mechanism-based system.
The automation of the system results in faster and healthier growth of plants and crops. Quick yields result in more immediate returns on investment.
We are proud to share details of our extensive product range at Automat–suitable for use across different regions, climatic conditions, and crop varieties.
To fulfill requirements for Sprinkler Irrigation–we have a wide variety of sprinklers available ranging from ½” to 2½” in size for various crops and tropical conditions. We provide an extensive range of micro Sprinklers–and foggers available for multiple utilities.
For Fertigation & Chemigation check out our range of specialized products like Ventury Injector, Super Ventury, and Fertiliser Tank. For Drip Irrigation–we offer a complete head unit with primary and secondary filtration, a wide variety of control valves, safety valves, and different accessories.
To know more, please email our team on [email protected] or WhatsApp us on a +91-9871999458. Our representatives will get back to you within the shortest time possible.